Natural hazards have direct and indirect health impacts. Apart from physical and mental trauma, other health impacts include malnutrition, disrupted disease treatment plans, and risk of infectious diseases. Health impacts may be mitigated through health-related emergency and disaster risk management (Health-EDRM). They are systematic analysis and management of health risks through the reduction of hazards and vulnerability in all stages of the disaster management cycle, from prevention/mitigation, preparedness, response to recovery (Lo et al., 2017; World Health Organization [WHO], 2019).更多詳情
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Between 2005 and 2014, disasters have caused total damage of US$1.4 trillion worldwide, with 1.7 billion people affected and 0.7 million killed. With climate change, urbanization, environmental degradation and poverty, the world has been experiencing disasters at a higher frequency and intensity. At the same time, global population is ageing at an unprecedented speed: between 2015 and 2030, the number of persons aged 60 years or over in the world is projected to grow by 56%, from 901 million to more than 1.4 billion. Older people therefore is going to be an increasingly important group, in terms of both their contribution and vulnerabilities, in the face of disasters. This paper discusses the disaster-related health risks of the older people in Hong Kong, and presents key policy recommendations for better protection of this vulnerable group.更多詳情
This policy brief is a part of the related research of the HKJCDPRI 5-year project. It outlines the existing emergency and disaster response system, a 3-tier system currently operating in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). Despite past epidemics, there remains a low level of community awareness, participation in basic first aid training and emergency preparedness.
The authors present recommendations which target to strengthen the response systems, to develop a competent and knowledgeable workforce, and to reduce the loss and suffering that occur during unexpected disasters. Engaging relevant stakeholders in contingency planning and equipping them with knowledge and skills on disaster preparedness; providing accessible information; organising drills and integrating更多詳情