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2020

08/08/2020
This note summarises the learning on crisis modifiers and considers how they can be applied for health shocks. Crisis modifiers bring the worlds of development and humanitarian aid together. They are financing mechanisms within a development programme – e.g. a contingency fund – that disburse humanitarian response funding in the event of a crisis....
08/08/2020
This working paper sets out a model of shock-responsiveness in health systems, which bridges perspectives from both ends of the humanitarian-development spectrum. It builds on much of the thinking on resilient health systems and emergency health preparedness and seeks to bridge the two. This model will be used as part of the Maintains programme, which...
08/08/2020
The objective of this study is to explore the viability and potential mechanisms for making the BISP Unconditional Cash Transfer programme, Pakistan's flagship national social protection programme, shock-responsive. It finds that BISP's involvement in a shock response is clearly viable, and has already responded to shocks on several occasions. It provides...
08/08/2020
COVID-19 has emerged as a huge shock that will affect all public social systems directly and indirectly. This report synthesises the findings from a series of rapid situation analyses on the initial response to COVID-19 in the first few months of the outbreak – March to May 2020 – in five countries: Bangladesh, Kenya, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, and...
07/08/2020
This Fact Sheet describes the development and main elements of ICG/NEAMTWS. In particular,it highlights the achievements, and contributions of NEAMTWS to disaster risk reduction, UNDecade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development and Sustainable Development Goals. Italso captures the overall governance, status, challenges and opportunities in the...
07/08/2020
Disaster risk reduction in rural Africa can contribute to reducing poverty and food insecurity if included in local development plans (LDPs). Five years after the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), we do not know how much risk reduction is practiced in rural Africa. The aim of this assessment is to ascertain the state of mainstreaming...
07/08/2020
Hydro-climatic risk assessments at the regional scale are of little use in the risk treatment decision-making process when they are only based on local or scientific knowledge and when they deal with a single risk at a time. Local and scientific knowledge can be combined in a multi-hazard risk assessment to contribute to sustainable rural development....
07/08/2020
South of the Sahara, flood vulnerability and risk assessments at local level rarely identify the exposed areas according to the probability of flooding or the actions in place, or localize the exposed items. They are, therefore, of little use for local development, risk prevention, and contingency planning. The aim of this article is to assess the flood...
07/08/2020
Healthy ecosystems, and their associated services, can provide effective natural protection against water-related climate risks. Nature-based solutions (NbS) have recently gained momentum in international policy discussions due to their potential to foster synergies between ecosystem health and human wellbeing, while also offering economic benefits....
07/08/2020
Sea level rise due to climate change threatens areas where millions of Americans live. In all but the lowest projections, retreat or relocation of communities from coastal areas will be unavoidable, according to the U.S. Global Change Research Program.One way to prepare is to preemptively move away from vulnerable areas. But few communities have considered...

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