You are here

有關近日新型冠狀病毒的有用資料

Share this course with friends

有關近日新型冠狀病毒的有用資料

[只有部份內容有英語版本 Only selected contents are provided in English]

1. 最新發展及個案數字 Latest News and Updates (Scroll down for English version)

 

1. 疫情發展重點:

- 新型冠狀病毒家庭傳染性高,全球確診新型冠狀病毒肺炎個案已超越2003年的非典型肺炎疫情

- 目前,新型冠狀病毒感染死亡率約2%。跟由冠狀病毒引起的沙士和中東呼吸綜合症約10%同34%。

- 由二月八日凌晨開始,從內地入境的人士,包括香港居民、內地居民和其他旅客,抵港後須要強制接受檢疫14。入境時沒有相關徵狀的人士會被安排「家居隔壁」,有關詳情: https://bit.ly/39lFGRG

 

2. 傳播及預防途徑有4個:

- 目前,已經官方或研究公佈可以傳播新型冠狀病毒的途徑有4個:

i) 接觸傳播 (確定): 手部或其他身體部位接觸了有病毒依附在表面的物件如門柄,再因手部或其他身體部位接觸「眼、鼻、口」而感染。

ii) 飛沫傳播 (確定): 直接吸入患者噴出含有病毒的飛沫。

iii) 氣溶膠傳播 (有可能): 吸入含有病毒附在懸浮的霧氣粒子。氣溶膠是懸浮在空氣中的微小粒子氣溶膠可以在沖廁時或醫療程序如抽痰時產生。

iv) 糞便傳播(有可能): 接經接觸帶病毒的糞便傳播,或間接經進食受污染的食物和水傳播。病毒亦機會進入渠道而經渠道傳播。

** 氣溶膠傳播及糞便傳播方法需要更多臨床研究去証實。

 

- 預防方法總結:

i) 接觸傳播: 經常洗手並避免接觸公共物件尤其門柄、扶手電梯及升降機按鈕等。

ii) 飛沫傳播: 少到人多地方、在與人有近距離接觸時(1-2米飛沫傳播距離)戴上外科口罩。

iii) 氣溶膠傳播: 保持空氣要流通。在沖廁前蓋上廁所板。

iv) 糞便傳播: 經常洗手、避免到公廁、沖廁時蓋上廁所板。

** 另外,要預防病毒從廁所或渠道傳染,每星期一次把約半公升的清水注入每一排水口 (U型隔氣口)。

 

3. 個案數字

每天政府措施的更新

www.coronavirus.gov.hk

本港最新疫情  |衛生防護中心

- 本地最新情況互動地圖

- 2019冠狀病毒病個案的最新情況

- 有報告個案的國家/地區

- 過去14天內曾有確診個案在出現病徵期間逗留過的大廈名單

John Hopkins University 的全球新冠狀爆發追蹤互動地圖 (每日更新)

https://bit.ly/2VrddWX   (只供英文版本)

世界衛生組織的指引

「專題網頁」

防災防疫提示|香港賽馬會災難防護應變教研中心

香港賽馬會災難防護應變教研中心面書

 

 

1. Coronavirus Outbreak Situation Highights

- High risk of transmission among family members was found. Novel coronavirus cases exceed SARS in 2003.

- Currently, the case fatality rate of the nCoV-2019 remained at 2%. And the case fatality rate for two other infectious diseases caused by other strains of Coronavirus, SARS and MERS, were approximately 10% and 34% respectively.

- From 8 Feb, all people entering Hong Kong from the Mainland, including Hong Kong residents, Mainland residents as well as other visitors, to be subject to mandatory quarantine for 14 days upon their arrival. Details: https://bit.ly/2Swf89F

 

2. Four Modes of Transmissions found:

- Possible modes of transmission announced by official or research organisations include:

i)  Contact Transmission (confirmed): A person directly or indirectly touches a surface or object contaminated with infectious droplets and then touches his or her mouth, nose, or eyes.

ii) Droplet Transmission (confirmed): Person-to-person contact, via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

iii) Aerosol Transmission (possible): Contact via aerosol containing the virus. Aerosols can be produced by flushing the toilet and some medical procedures such as sputum induction.

iv) Faecal-Oral Transmission (possible): When someone ingests the virus from objects, food, or drinks contaminated by small amounts of stool from an infected person.

** More clinical evidence is required to confirm transmission of novel coronavirus via aerosol and faecal-oral routes.

- Summary of Ways to Prevent Novel Coronavirus:

i) Contact Transmission (confirmed): Always wash your hands especially after touching public installations or equipment, such as door knobs, escalator handrails and elevator control panels.

ii) Droplet Transmission (confirmed): Avoid crowded places. Wear a surgical mask when there is close person-to-person contact (1 – 2 meters).

iii) Aerosol Transmission (possible): Ensure good ventilation. After using toilet, put the lid down before flushing.

iv) Faecal-Oral Transmission (possible): Always wash your hands. Avoid going to public toilets. Put the toilet lid down before flushing the toilet.

**  To prevent spread of virus through drainage pipes, pour half a litre of water into each drain outlet at home once or more per week.

 

3. New Cases and Updates

Updates from the HKSAR Government

www.coronavirus.gov.hk

Latest Local Situations Centre for Health Protection 

- Latest local situation interactive map

- Latest situation of cases of COVID-19

- Countries/areas with reported cases

- List of buildings in which confirmed cases have stayed during the symptomatic phase in the past 14 days

An Interactive Map Tracks Coronavirus Global Outbreak daily, built by Johns Hopkins University

https://bit.ly/2VrddWX  

World Health Organization's Special Page

Special Page

Regular tips provided from our Facebook (Chinese only)

 

www.facebook.com/readyhk 

 

2. 公眾教育信息及防疫指引 

防災防疫知識及提示|香港賽馬會災難防護應變教研中心 (Chinese Only) 

給司機朋友的防疫建議 (面書貼文) 

外遊注意事項 (面書貼文) 

 (了解更多

外出回家後要注意的事項 (面書貼文) 

 (了解更多)

預防家居隔氣管成為傳播病毒的總結 (面書貼文)

沒有「漂白水」下的家居「除菌」清潔方法 (面書貼文)

傳播方法不斷新增? 哪個才是真的? (面書貼文)

究竟甚麼是「懷疑個案」? 甚麼人要「自我隔離/家居隔離」? (面書貼文)

如何預防病毒經「廁所」傳播 (面書貼文)

如何在含「消毒殺菌」成份洗手液及酒精搓手液不足下做好防疫? (面書貼文)

如何在口罩不足下做好防疫? (面書貼文)

加強防疫 回家立即要的事 (面書貼文)

點洗手先可以「去除」病原體?  (面書貼文)

疾病知識 Disease Information |衛生防護中心 Centre for Health Protection

- 有關預防肺炎:

- 有關外遊措施:

個人衛生 Personal Hygiene |衛生防護中心 Centre for Health Protection

- 有關使用口罩:

- 有關洗手:

- 有關酒精搓手液:

- 其他:

家居衛生

Home Hygiene

防疫產品選擇消費者委員會

全城防疫懶人包-口罩?保險?白醋?洗手?

- 口罩測試或過濾效率報告(494期)

- 洗手液測試報告(513期)

- 濕巾及搓手液報告 (466期)

漂白水大比拼 (319期)

如何揀選酒精消毒用品 (319期)

洗手液測試結果大比拼 (影片)

家傭指引

Guidance for Domestic Helpers |衛生防護中心 Centre for Health Protection

圖文並荗小冊 Brochures with descriptions and images:

- 中文: 家庭傭工衞生手冊

- Hygiene Handbook for Domestic Helpers

- 印尼文 Indonesian: Kebersihan Perseorangan dan Rumah Tangga, serta Pengontrolan Infeksi Dasar.

 

- 教育影片 / E-Learning Video:

家庭傭工衛生手冊 (約三十七分鐘) - 粵語加英文字幕 Hygiene Handbook for Domestic Helpers (around 37min),

災防疫知識及提示|香港紅十字會 (Chinese only)

- 香港紅十字會有關今次疫情的心理支援 (面書貼文)

- 口罩只可用一次、係一次﹗(面書貼文)

- 點解戴口罩都唔夠,仲要戴眼鏡? 點解主題樂園都要關閉?(面書貼文)

「新型冠狀病毒」個人及定居衛生指引單張|香港紅十字會 (Chinese only)


《新型冠狀病毒感染肺炎防護讀本》(Chinese only)

- 廣東省疾病預防控制中心、萬里機構編輯委員會編寫: 《新型冠狀病毒感染肺炎防護讀本》

 

3. 專業人士資訊 More in-depth Information for Professionals


3.1 醫學期刊及文獻 Journals & Literature Review
Special Pages from Academic and Science Institutes (只供英文)
- Elsevier’s free health and medical research on COVID-19

- International Severe Acute Respiratory and emerging Infection Consortium (ISARIC). Includes a COVID-19 map with data collected from publicly available news and media.

- The JAMA Articles on COVID-19

- Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. Includes adaily email briefing plus additional resources health workers. 

- John Hopkins University's Interactive Map. Updated daily with data from the WHO, CDC, the National Health and Commission of China, etc, illustrates the spread of the virus round the world. 

- The Lancet Articles on COVID-19

- London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine's special page on COVID-19

- MEDBOX Rapid Response Toobox. A collection of the most important guidelines, situation reports, communication tools, laboratory guidance, etc.

- The NEJM Articles on COVID-19

- National Library of Medicine. Rapid access to the NLM’s GenBank sequence data at the COVID-19 data hub.

- Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Articles Page. 

- Worldometer.  An estimation of current numbers based on statistics and projections from official organisations including the UN Population Division, World Health Organization (WHO), World Bank, etc.
Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention 中國疾病預防控制中心
http://www.chinacdc.cn/ 



3.2 培訓資源、網上講座及廣播 Training Materials, Webinars and Podcasts
Podcast

- Podcast series conducted by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. 

- WHO's press briefings on COVID-19.

- Coronavirus and Beyond: Responding to Biological Threats. JAMA. 19 February 2020.

- COVID-19 Update From China. Review early 2020 developments in the spread of COVID-19 in China. JAMA. 14 February 2020.

- Interview with Dr. Eric Rubin and Dr. Lindsey Baden on what physicians need to know about the current 2019 Novel Coronavirus outbreak. N Engl J Med. 7 February 2020.

Webinar / Webcast 
- The Coronavirus Outbreak Tracking COVID-19. Harvard T.H Chan. School of Public Health. 2 March 2020. 

- Healthcare Systems Preparedness for COVID-19. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). An overview of how health systems can prepare, and strategies for optimizing N95 supply. 18 February 2020. 

- Understanding and Addressing the Global Spread of the 2019-nCoV Infection: A Clinician's Guide. Rockpointe and MedChi. February 14, 20201:00-2:00 pm Eastern.

- Why reports about coronavirus death rates can be misleading. STAT News video. 13 February 2020.

- Novel Coronavirus Webinar at the Bloomberg School of Public Health. 5 February 2020. 

- Understanding the Coronavirus. (on the commercial sector). The U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation. 27 January 2020.

- Latest developments in the spread and management of the 2019 novel coronavirus. JAMA Network. 23 January 2020.
A free e-learning module offered by WHO.
A free e-learning module on emerging respiratory viruses, including nCoV: methods for detection, prevention, response and control.


3.3 機構指引及資料 Guidelines & Information for Organisations for Hong Kong 
Centre for Health Protection 衛生防護中心
For Health Professionals  醫護專業

For Institutions and Schools  院舍及學校

For Business and Work Place 界及工作場所
世界衛生組織的指引

WHO Guidelines 
- Designated Page for Novel Coronavirus   新型冠狀病毒專頁

- Situational Report (只供英文)

- 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019‑nCoV): Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan (只供英文)
Clinical Case Definition by CDC
The CDC clinical criteria for a 2019-nCoV patient under investigation (PUI) 
Novel Coronavirus: Protection for your Organisation |The International SOS
Novel Coronavirus: Protection for your Organisation (只供英文)


3.4 Selected Journal Articles on COVID, MERS and SARS. (只供英文)
Selected Journal Articles (只供英文)
- Characteristics of and Important Lessons From the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in China. JAMA. 24 February 2020.

- 2019-Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV): estimating the case fatality rate – a word of caution. Swiss Medical Weekly. 7 February 2020.

- Clinical Characteristics of 138 Hospitalized Patients With 2019 Novel Coronavirus–Infected Pneumonia in Wuhan, China. JAMA. 7 February 2020.

- Early Transmission Dynamics in Wuhan, China, of Novel Coronavirus–Infected Pneumonia.  Published on 29 January 2020. The New England Journal of Medicine.
Selected Journal Articles on Review of SARS/MERS Outbreak (只供英文)
- The SARS epidemic in Hong Kong: what lessons have we learned? The Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 2003;96(8):374–378. 

- The SARS epidemic in Hong Kong. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 2003;57:652-654.

- Understanding the spatial clustering of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Hong Kong. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2004;112(15):1550–1556. 
Review by the World Health Organization on MERS
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV): A Summary by the WHO.